Keywords: Image Analysis; 2-D nonlinear filter; 2-D adaptive filter; texture characterization

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a new nonlinear exponential adaptive two-dimensional (2-D) filter for texture characterization. The filter coefficients are updated with the Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm. The proposed nonlinear model is used for texture characterization with a 2-D Auto-Regressive (AR) adaptive model. The main advantage of the new nonlinear exponential adaptive 2-D filter is the reduced number of coefficients used to characterize the nonlinear parametric models of images regarding the 2-D second-order Volterra model. Whatever the degree of the non-linearity, the problem results in the same number of coefficients as in the linear case. The characterization efficiency of the proposed exponential model is compared to the one provided by both 2-D linear and Volterra filters and the cooccurrence matrix method. The comparison is based on two criteria usually used to evaluate the features discriminating ability and the class quantification. Extensive experiments proved that the exponential model coefficients give better results in texture discrimination than several other parametric features even in a noisy context.